In the United States, endometridal cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer of the female reproductive system. Most endometrial cancers are adenocarcinomas – cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids. Cancer, known as uterine sarcoma, can also arise from the uterus’s muscle layer but it is far less common.
Being overweight or obese increases the risk of developing this type of cancer. It’s also diagnosed more often in women who have a diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome and among women who previously used a hormone therapy called tamoxifen for breast cancer treatment.
If found before it spreads outside of the uterus, endometrial cancer has a five-year survival rate as high as 95%. The overall survival rate across all stages of endometrial cancer is 81%.
There are symptoms that a woman may notice as out of the ordinary such as abnormal vaginal bleeding – especially after menopause, pain after intercourse, difficulty urinating and/or pelvic area pain. If these are noticed for more than a few weeks, it’s time to schedule an appointment with your gynecologist who will run tests to find the cause of your symptoms.
If cancer is found, you will need to consult with a gynecologic oncologist. These types of doctors are specialists in cancers of the female reproductive system and also usually perform the surgery that’s a part of most treatment plans. New York Oncology Hematology’s gynecologic oncology team meets with patients to determine the stage of cancer and create a personalized treatment plan. They are also available to give a second opinion on a treatment plan you may have already received.
The various stages of endometrial cancer range from Stage 0 to Stage IV and are based on whether the cancer has invaded nearby tissues or spread to other parts of the body. In order to plan the best cancer treatment options, your doctor will need to assess the stage of your cancer by ordering various tests.
Our gynecologic oncologists will work with you to develop a cancer treatment plan that’s best for you based on the type and stage of your endometrial cancer, your overall health, and various other factors. There are many new therapies being introduced regularly based on the results of clinical research. You may also qualify to participate in a clinical trial for a new endometrial cancer treatment. Talk to the oncologist about what is best for you.